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New perspectives to save cultural heritage
Altan, M. Orhan

R. Erdem 3 *, S. Durduran 3 , T. gay 3 , O.N. Dulgerler 3 , H.H. Yildinm b
3 SU, Engineering and Architecture Faculty, 42079 Campus Konya, Turkey - (rerdem, sdurduran, tcay, dulgerler)@selcuk.edu.tr
b Ministry of Public Works and Settlement, General Directorate of Technical Research and Implementation, Necatibey Str. No: 63,
Ankara, Turkey - hamitau@bayindirlik.gov.tr
KEYWORDS: Sille, Urban Conservation Area, GIS, Historical Monuments, Conservation Development Planning.
In accordance with the rapid improvements in technology, especially in the applications of engineering field,
“Geographical Information Systems” (GIS) has many advantages in terms of speed, period, and cost. As it is known. Conservation
aimed development plans require more detailed and numerous surveying works in various quality rather than all sorts of planning
works, to be carried out. The use of GIS has an important role in digitizing the base and land surveying maps used for Conservation
Aimed Development Plans, preparing database and query and analysis of buildings. In this study, it is aimed to provide the base maps
to be more accurate, reliable right and up-to-date by the help of GIS in the investigations of conservation aimed development plans.
Sille, the case study area, is an ancient settlement, leaning on the two slopes of a valley located in the 12km of the Northwest of
Konya. Today the whole area of historical pattern which is 33 ha, is under a conservation scheme as “Urban Conservation Area”.
During this study, the characteristics and potentialities, the plans with big scales and conservation decisions that Sille has, have been
evaluated; and at the stage of the production of planning decisions, the usage possibility of GIS programme has been tested.
Due to various reasons, the rapid changes and/or developments
of the cities cause the problems requiring solution gradually
more complex. The establishment of what sorts of precautions
would be taken for the entire problems faced is required
properly. The precautions which is necessary in the planning
process of urban planning and especially conservation aimed
planning would be as following (Zeren 1990):
• At the stages of information collection, evaulation and
synthesis the techniques in the sensibility required by
conservation phenomenon should be used.
• Formation and conservation factors for each plot
peculiar to the plot and building block plot by plot.
Decision making/planning process must be faster than this
development and change. Thus, especially there is a necessity
the collection/updating and evaluation of planning data fast, i.e.
an information system.
Expectations from the information systems must be well defined
when solving problems observed in urban planning, in the
framework of information system (Yigiter, 1998). These
expectations are;
• Establishing of data standardisation
• Sharing data
• Updating data
• Providing coordination between different units
playing role in planning process and its sustaining
• Providing necessary controls
• Providing immediate intervention to any kind of
• Providing to make effective queries according to plan
type and aim.
• Providing efficiency by getting high quality products
after the queries
• Realization of applications without any political
In this study, ArcView3.3 which is a GIS software possessing a
world and nationwide usage, which could give answer to the
expectation, was used.
It has been tried to establish in the case area chosen how much
respond was given to the expectations from an information
system in the conservation aimed planning with so-called GIS
programme. With this aim, Sille, which has historical and
cultural assets, was chosen by considering also accessibility and
receivable of data of the area and suitability for the works to be
Sille, administratively, belongs to the Province of Konya, the
District of Sel population of 1500 is a neighbourhood which is disconnected
from the city physically by topographic thresholds. Most part of
the area is composed of bare spaces with slope where the
foundation ruins of the uninhabited houses exist.
Corresponding author.