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New perspectives to save cultural heritage
Altan, M. Orhan

CI PA 2003 XIX th International Symposium, 30 September - 04 October, 2003, Antalya, Turkey
Figure 1. 3D Model of Koruçam Village
It is possible to approach the village from two directions.
Village takes its name from the Koruçam Cape. When it is
approached from the east, the Koruçam village is hidden inside
the slope, and cannot be perceived. Although the village cannot
be perceived at the end of the curve of the road just at the
entrance of the village, the whole atmosphere of the village is
felt and understood easily.
Figure 2. Circulation and Density map of Koruçam Village
Since, there are two slopes at both two directions towards the
West and the South, none of the buildings affect each other’s
views. The buildings on sloppy site are placed in a way that,
they usually follow the topographical contours of the land and
are taken the sea view. At the entrance of the village, the
settlement density is low, whereas while approaching to the
centre of the village, the density increases. The attached houses
provide a nice perspective inside the village by the help of the
organic and irregular urban street structure, which create a
flowing dynamic exterior space.
Figure 3. Used and Unused buildings in the Koru9am Village
When it is approached to the village centre that is buried in the
greenery, a majestic and grandeur church is hidden. The old
church of St. George, a fifteenth-century building, is in huge
dimension and monumental scale. The Church was located at
the urban square of the village. The other supporting buildings
of the square are a small market that provides the public
shopping possibility, a fountain, and some cafes, that give the
possibility to spend time to the men of the village, mukhtar’s
office, and a restaurant.
Figure 4. Existing Land Uses in the Village
The village is settled on hard and rocky lands, in addition to
these, agricultural lands are located at the lower grounds of the
village. These lands also shelter very productive areas where
olive/carob trees and barley/wheat are grown. In Koruçam
Village, olive oil and molasses production used to be an
essential income for the villagers.
Since the local material is stone, generally, the local material of
the traditional buildings of the Maronites is stone and the
building structure is load bearing wall with wooden flat roofs.
There exist some 100, 200 and 350 years old traditional
buildings arranged on the narrow streets.
Figure 5. Distribution of Building Floor in Koruçam Village
Generally, all around of the island has long, hot, humid
summers and short, warm rainy winters. Almost the buildings
have a transitional space which is defined by an arcade that
provides shade in summer time and getting sun inside during
winter time. The houses without arcade have a pergola with
grapevine at the front yard that creates shadow as well.
Theoretical analysis of socio-cultural structure of the
Koruqam Village
The families of Maronite continue their life at the Northern and
Southern parts of Cyprus. 1200 years ago, Maronite community
emigrate from Lebanon because of some political effects and
settled on title Northern hills of Cyprus. The mother language
of Maronites is Arabic and they are Catholic Christian. After
settling Arabic, as mentioned above, while co-operating with