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International cooperation and technology transfer
Fras, Mojca Kosmatin

Janusz Sledzinski
International Coordinator of the CEI WGST Section C "Geodesy"
Chairman of the IAG Subcommission "Geodetic and Geodynamic Programmes of the CEI"
Warsaw University of Technology
Institute of Geodesy and Geodetic Astronomy
00-661 Warsaw, Poland, PL Politechniki 1
Voice: +48 22 622 8515; Fax: +48 22 621 0052; E-mail sledzinski@gik.pw.edu.pl)
The paper includes concise information on some recent geodetic and geodynamic projects that are realised in international
cooperation of the European countries in the frame of the scientific programme of sixteen countries assembled in the CEI (Central
European Initiative) WG Science and Technology Section C "Geodesy". The main achievements of the first phase of the
international geodynamic project CERGOP (Central Europe Regional Geodynamics Project) are outlined. The main objectives
of another CEI project UNIGRACE (Unification of Gravity Systems in Central and Eastern Europe) and the results of the 1998
campaign of absolute gravity measurements are pointed out. The programme of activities of the Section C Working Group on
Satellite Navigation Systems and actions realised by the Working Group on University Education Standards are summarised.
Special role of satellite permanent GPS stations for geodynamic research and creating national navigation systems is pointed out.
Some cooperation links between CEI WGST Section C "Geodesy" and European Geophysical Society and International
Association of Geodesy are mentioned.
Central European Initiative (CEI) is the organisation
established in 1989 at very high level of Ministers of Foreign
Affairs of Central European countries. In November 1989 the
Foreign Ministers of Austria, Hungary, Italy and Yugoslavia
at the conference in Budapest founded an organisation named
QUADRAGONALE. A few months later, in April 1990
(Vienna) former Czechoslovakia joined this organisation
forming the PENTAGONALE and in July 1991 at the
conference of Prime Ministers in Dubrovnik Poland was
admitted creating the HEXAGONALE. In July 1992 the
INITIATIVE. Violent political development in Europe, break
up and civil war in Yugoslavia, disintegration of
Czechoslovakia, formation of new countries in the region of
Eastern and Southern Europe, all these events caused
considerable changes in organisation and internationall
cooperation within the Central European Initiative. The
current (1.02.2000) status of the CEI membership is the
following: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Bosnia&Herzegovina,
Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, FYROM (Macedonia),
Hungary, Italy, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia,
Slovenia and Ukraine.
The main objectives of the CEI cooperation are to strengthen
the stabilisation within the region of Central Europe, to
promote all-European integration processes and to help the
Central and Eastern European countries in entering the
integrated world by adjusting their multi-lateral relations to
Western European standards.
It was agreed that a Summit (Heads of Governments and
Foreign Ministers) would be held once a year in October or
November and a meeting of Foreign Ministers of the member
countries would be organised every year in spring (May-
June). Working Groups constitute the basic structural
component of the CEI. They plan and approve initiatives,
agreements and projects which they promote and complete in
cases requiring financing, or which they pass to the National
Coordinators or Foreign Ministries for approval and
At the moment there are eighteen CEI Working Groups:
1. Agriculture (chaired by Poland);
2. Civil protection (Italy);
3. Combating organised crime (Italy and Slovakia);
4. Culture and education (Slovakia);
5. Energy (Ukraine);
6. Environment (Austria);
7. Environment and transport (Austria);
8. Human dimension (Austria);
9. Human resource development and training (Czech
10. Information and media (Austria and Romania);
11 .Migration (Hungary);
12. Minorities (Hungary and Romania);
13. Reconstruction and rehabilitation of Bosnia&Herzegovina
and Croatia (Bosnia&Herzegovina and Croatia);
14. Science and technology (Italy);
15. Small and medium sized enterprises (Slovenia);
16. Tourism (Croatia);
17. Transport (Italy).
18. Youth affairs (Macedonia)
The Earth sciences and, in particular geodesy, are represented
in the Working Group "Science and Technology." The
programme of the Working Group on Science and
Technology (WGST) includes presently nine endorsed