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Title
International cooperation and technology transfer
Author
Fras, Mojca Kosmatin

161
ISPRS joint Meeting of WG VI/3 and WG IV/3
Bridging the Gap“, Ljubljana 2-5 February 2000
INTERNATIONAL CO-OPERATION FOR DOCUMENTATION AND MONITORING OF THE CULTURAL HERITAGE
Peter Waldhäusl, Vienna, Austria
President of CIPA
pw@ ¡pf.tuwien.ac.at
KEY WORDS: Cultural Heritage, Documentation, Monitoring, Heritage Information Systems, Photography,
Photogrammetry, Archaeology, Cultural Landscapes.
ABSTRACT
CIPA's mission is documentation of the Cultural Heritage, the necessary technology for data collection and monitoring,
data control and quality management, data administration, data archiving, data maintenance; data retrieval, data use,
data comparison and analysis of data changes. In this area a great number of gaps are located which have to be
bridged. The method of bridging is international and inter-professional co-operation. CIPA, the ICOMOS & ISPRS
Committee on the Documentation of the Cultural Heritage, is presented with its 10 Working Groups. The international
activities of ISPRS and ICOMOS are well received and bridge gaps for a better future of the coming generations.
KURZFASSUNG
CIPA's Aufgabe ist die Dokumentation des Kulturellen Erbes, die notwendige Technologie für die Datenerfassung und für
deren regelmäßige Wiederholung, Datenkontrolle und Qualitätsmanagement, Datenverwaltung, Archivierung, für die
Daten-nachführung, Datenbereitstellung, Datenverwendung, Datenvergleich und Analyse von Veränderungen. Im
Bereich dieser Arbeitsaufgaben werden eine Anzahl von Lücken geortet, die überbrückt werden sollten. Die Methode
dafür ist internationale und interprofessionelle Zusammenarbeit. CIPA, das ICOMOS-ISPRS Komitee für die
Dokumentation des kulturellen Erbes, wird mit seinen zehn Arbeitsgruppen vorgestellt. Die internationalen Aktivitäten
von ICOMOS und ISPRS werden gut an-genommen. Sie helfen, die Lücken zu überbrücken. Es sind Aktivitäten für eine
bessere Zukunft kommender Generationen.
1. CULTURAL HERITAGE reconstruction: Documentation as a part of cultural (and
Cultural Heritage is considered everything worth to be
handed over from generation to generation, worth to be
mentioned in a testament. Cultural Heritage can be
immobile or mobile. Cultural Heritage can be of
importance for some subjective or objective reason, can
be of value for just one family, for a group of people, for a
nation or for mankind as a whole. The importance can be
based on the fact, that it is somehow unique, special,
interesting, beautiful, or just valuable. For many practical
reasons it is advisable to register and document every
thing: in order to manage systematically its maintenance
and development, or just to prove ownership or the state
in case of loss, crime, accident or catastrophe, for the
insurance company or for the subdivision among heirs,
etc. If we need documents for some reason and do not
have them, we consider it a gap.
2. DOCUMENTATION
Documentation of an object means a collection of
descriptions, drawings, and images in such a form that the
purpose of documentation is fulfilled: At any time now or
later we can retrieve the most important information about
the object from text-, drawing- or image- or also sound
documents. The object itself is therefore not any more
necessary. In case of loss, damage or destruction the
documentation could serve as a basis for repair or
financial) civil protection. Documents are expected to be
true. Photographic images are such documents. But the
image alone is not enough. Photographic documentation
should be accompanied by some written information, e.g.
date of photography, the inner orientation parameters,
some pass-information etc. Completeness is the next
requirement. For 3D we need stereo-partners. For block-
adjustment and restitution of a complete and complex
object we need overlapping images. For colour
documentation we need a colour proof and proper
illumination. As an intermediate summary we find that
proper documentation photography, whether analogue or
digital, whether static or film or video, needs some more
know how, which must be available for conservationists.
Otherwise we have a gap.
3. MONITORING
Monitoring means regularly repeated documentation. The
reason for monitoring is status-control, change detection
and change analysis in time, before it is too late or too
expensive. Any documentation has to be up to date so
that it can be used for proper decisions. The memory of
man is very poor as much as details are concerned,
specially when we see the object very often. Slow decay
we recognise too late, slow or piecewise changes we
cannot remember properly. We need the assistance of
image documents which we can compare. Easily