You are using an outdated browser that does not fully support the intranda viewer.
As a result, some pages may not be displayed correctly.

We recommend you use one of the following browsers:

Full text

Remote sensing for resources development and environmental management
Damen, M. C. J.

ocated near the
area are typical
nd ESE to WNW
rea. Some east-
fere with this
in the southern
postulated that
ntributed to the
ional features
tudy area. They
of topographic
ated by specific
ced Landsat MSS
the topographic
its seem to be
Dnal stress that
lian Plateau to
Long this stress
retaceous time
: activity was
suggesting that
1 progress.
town lineaments
contribution of
.oration and the
ences. Indica-
lineaments and
r ell as mineral-
y comparative
of the regional
epicenter maps
andsat imagery
of seismic risk
ions for reg-
rmation derived
entrations can
est and, there-
susceptible to
s were prepared
phate deposits
thquakes within
e compared with
terpreted from
Lstribution of
cz (Geological
rends expressed
i also demon-
ictive zones on
i showed a good
ition of epi-
information in areas where field geological mapping
is sparse or lacking.
In this study, the interpretation of enhanced Landsat
MSS imagery revealed many previously unmapped linea
ments and led to the discovery of several formerly
undetected active faults responsible for much of the
the seismic activity in the southcentral Alborz
region. For example, the study showed that the rocks
on both sides of major lineaments in the Tuchal-Karaj
area are not the same in age and lithology and appear
to have been significantly deformed along the fault.
This finding suggests that this lineament represents
a deep-seated structure rather than a structural
break near the surface as is the case for other major
The detection of lineaments also helped to identify
areas that have the potential for discovery of phos
phate, providing an accessible source of agricultural
fertilizer. The development of this source could be
a great step toward the mitigation of Iran's produc
tion problems.
In addition to mineral identification, Landsat linea
ment analysis facilitates the assessment of the risk
of damage from earthquakes. Such assessments are
essential to providing for the safety and well-being
of the area's inhabitants.
Assereto, R. 1966. Geology of Jadjerad and Lar
Valley. Univ. of Milan, Milan, Italy.
Gansser, A., and H. Huber 1962. Geological obser
vations in the Central Alborz, Iran. Schwerz Min.
Petr. Mitt. vol. 42, no. 2: 583-630.
Geological Survey of Iran 1974. Reports no. 10 and
11, Tehran, Iran.
Haack, B.N. 1984. L- and X-Band Like- and Cross-
Polarized Synthetic Aperture Radar for Investi
gating Urban Environments. Photogrammetric
Engineering and Remote Sensing, vol. 50, no.3: 331-
Bagheri, S. 1984. Utilization and Application of
Landsat CCT's (Computer Compatible Tapes) in the
Detection of Lineaments in the Southcentral Alborz
Mountains of Northern Iran. Ph.D. Thesis, Univer
sity of Wisconsin-Madison.
Barzegar, F. 1979. Rock Type Discrimination Using
Enhanced Landsat Imagery. Photogrammetric Engin
eering and Remote Sensing, vol. 45, No. 5: 605-
Jensen, J.R. 1986. Introductory Digital Image Proc
essing: A Remote Sensing Perspective. Prentice-
Lamar, J.V. 1974. Applications of ERTS images to
study of active faults. USGS Tech. Rept. 74-3.
Lillesand, T.M. and R.W. Kiefer 1986. Remote Sensing
and Image Interpretation, Second Edition. Wiley,
New York.
Lyon, R.J.P. 1977. Mineral Exploration Applications
of Digitally Processed Landsat Imaging. Proceed
ings: 1st William T. Pecora Memorial Symposium,
USDA Paper 1015, Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C.
Moik, J.G. 1980. Digital Processing of Remotely
Sensed Images. NASA SP-431, Government Printing
Office, Washington.
Rieben, H. 1955. The Geology of Tehran Plain. Amer.
Jour. Sci., New Haven, Conn., vol. 253: 617-639.
Sabins, F.F., Jr. 1978. Remote Sensing: Principles
and Interpretation. Freeman, San Francisco.
Schowengerdt, R.A. 1983. Techniques for Image
Processing and Classification in Remote Sensing.
Academic Press, New York.
Short, N.M. and P.D. Lowman 1973. Earth Observations
from Space: Outlook for Geological Sciences. NASA
X-650-73-316, Greenbelt, MD.
Sheffield, C. 1981. Earthwatch—A Survey of the
World from Space. Macmillan, New York.
Pohn, H.A. 1978. The Use of Ronchi Rulings in Geo
logic Lineaments Analysis. Proc. 3rd International
Conference on Basement Tectonics, Durango,
Colorado: 250-254.
Siegal, B.S. and A.R. Gillipsie (eds.) 1980. Remote
Sensing in Geology. Wiley, New York.
Stocklin, J. 1968. Structural History and Tectonics
of Iran, A Review. AAPG Bull., vol. 52: 1229-1258.
Stocklin, J. 1974. Northern Iran; Alborz Mountains.
Scottish Academic Press, London, pp. 213-234.
Sheffield, C. 1985. Selecting Band Combinations from
Multispectral Data. Photogrammetric Engineering and
Remote Sensing, vol. 51, no. 6: 681-687.
Shih, E.H., and R.A. Schowengerdt 1983. Classifi
cation of Arid Geomorphic Surfaces Using Landsat
Spectral and Textural Features. Photogrammetric
Engineering and Remote Sensing, vol. 49, no. 3:
Short, N.M. 1982. The Landsat Tutorial Workbook.
NASA Ref. Pub. 1078, Government Printing Office,
Slater, P.N. 1980. Remote Sensing: Optics and
Optical Systems. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA.
ms in future
î risk hazard
onally in the
nt parts of the
in providing
American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote
Sensing 1984. Multilingual Dictionary of Remote
Sensing and Photogrammetry. Falls Church, VA.
American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote
Sensing 1985. Special Issue on Landsat Image Data
Quality Analysis. Photogrammetric Engineering and
Remote Sensing, vol. 51, no. 9. Falls Church, VA.
American Society of Photogrammetry 1983. Manual of
Remote Sensing. Second Edition.
Smith, W.L. (ed.) 1977. Remote Sensing Applications
for Mineral Exploration. Dowden, Hutchinson &
Ross, Stroudsburg, PA.
Swain, P.H., and S.M. Davis (eds.) 1978. Remote
Sensing: The Quantitative Approach. McGraw-Hill,
New York.
USGS 1979. Landsat Data Users Handbook Revised.
USGS and NOAA 1984. Landsat 4 Data Users Handbook.