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Proceedings of the Symposium on Progress in Data Processing and Analysis

Fig. 3: Distortion of the scanning on the ground
(detector exposure ti*e t B (( Scanning period t^ << angular eotion period T)
a) under siaultaneous influence of roiling and pitching eotion ¿and «p
b) under siiultaneous influence of yawing and rolling eotion ¿e and
Since the orientation data are acquired with a considerably
higher accuracy than the on-line values to be realized
according to Section 2, it is also possible to carry out a
highly accurate off-line post-rectification and a geometric
allocation o-f the pixel to the terrain. If there exist
topographic data o-f the recorded area or already a digital
terrain model, the distortion (caused by differences in the
terrain height) can be corrected. Otherwise a mean terrain
height is defined.
The output quantities x,y,z of a pixel in the terrain are
functions of the coordinates x c , y c , z c (coordinates of the
projection centre) and of the angles y 5, , to , ae (Fi g. 4).
The accuracy requirements on the measured orientation
parameters for the coordinate determination lie in the
range of some dm for x, y, z and some mgon for V s , uj , <*£ .
A pixel size of 10 jum, a flying height of 6 km, and a
calibrated focal length of 10 cm require a < 0.3 m
and a (J2 „ ** %!> mqon«
Flight tests with push-broom scanners entailed the
necessity of a series of radiometric preparations. It
should be noted that a geometric on-line correction which
shift the pixels in a row (e.g. on-line correction of the
roll movement) is reasonable only up to a point. This
derives from the fact that radiometric error influences in
a scanner line (as for example the different sensitivity of
the individual sensors) can only be corrected with
difficulty, i.e. the individual correction values would
have to be stored in the computer aboard the aircraft and