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Proceedings of the Symposium on Progress in Data Processing and Analysis

The ecotops as the main elements of the
geosystems including their anthropogenic
modifications are characterized by the whole
combination of their features, and the terrain forms
substant iona1 content have the most
importance.Actually there is an empiric approach to
the separation of the ecotops faces, taking it as a
landscape complex with uniform natural conditions
Each of the geosystem is characterized by the
determined type of the space use. It has its own
special ecological potential which must be studied
through the whole complex of interacting parts and
connect ions.
The ecological situations as it follows from the
above reflects the situation of the interior dynamics
of the geosystem as the main reason for the violation
of its face homogeniousity and must be detected by
interpretation features.
Practically it is very important to have an idea
of the ecotop as a whole :to know its background
structure and anthropogenic modifications. So its
possible to juge about all potentially possible
developments only on the basis of the data about
background structure.
Formation and development of concrete situations
are going in the environment conditions and the
environment as a rule is not only the object of
direct action but the conductor of counterreact ions.
I he geosystems here acts as the concrete picture of
the environment which can show in all details both
direct and backward interactions of the parts , The
landscape reacts on these interactions and leaves
the” tracks” of that action. Our task is to find out
now to "read” these tracks and to transform them in
informative signals.
The leading method of the space images of the
Earth is the method of landscape interpretat ion which
allows to implement the complex systematic approach
to the territory, to study its natural laws for
the determination of forms and limits of its specific
state. The first stage of the landscape analyses
allows to form the map of natural resources of the
most general content. Such assisting map is necessary
as the common background for the content of other
ecological map over the territory in study.
The second important stage is the elaboration of
the content of landscape and ecological map.
Therefore the special attention should be given to the
specification of the parameters which determine the
functional stability of the environment. First of all
these are morphometric characteristics of the relief
and its elements, lithological composition of the
grounds,conditions of water exchange in them, the