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Proceedings of the Symposium on Progress in Data Processing and Analysis

type and development of the vegetation as the
autotrophic element of the geosystem and its
indicator. The consideration of these features of
ecological functioning gives an opportunity to
compile a map of actual state of geosystems. Such map
allows to register in the most complete way the
interactions and interrelations of the components in
the terms of various ecological modes, which is very
important for the elaboration of nature protection
activities and recommendations for creation of
optimal conditions for development ana preservation
of the territory.
Thematic study of the t err i tor'/ by remote
sensing methods is carried out exclusively for deeper
learning of its specifications and differences of
ecological factors.
This is first of all the obtaining of the data
about the composition and the conditions of layment of
geological bodies and formations. For this purpose
the preliminary data of the rock composition are
widely used, their water exchange characteristics,
suitability of the territory for active or passive
terms of the water exchange, water exhaust
conditions, existence of fogs and other processes,
which control the development of migrations! currents
within the borders of geological fields distribution,are
analised in details. The content of ecological maps
of geological composition is corrected by the
interpretation data, their credibility is check up
and the new elements of the content are introduced.
The determination of the limits by
geomorphological features has an important initial
significance and the deep sense as the
geomorphological borders control territorial
conjugations of ecotops connected by geochemical and
hydrological regimes, by ecological files of
associations and other interrelations which form
ecological area of the state. The systematic
composition of genetically and geochemically conjugate
elements is revealed through them.
The study of subsystems of hydrological objects
is carried out with the consideration of its
classification by the types of utilization and the
modern state. There must be studied ail objects of
the surface runoff which form the modern character of
hydrological networks( rivers, lakes,
reservoirs,fogs,channeIs, the character of coast
line, etc). Also must be studied other hydrological
parameters which characterized the current
alterations and the development trends of erosion
picture, bogging and flooding processes, etc.
Special attention is given to the determination
of the new objects of anthropogenic character, their
relation with the general ways of hydrological
networks development and the specifications of