Full text: New perspectives to save cultural heritage

Cl PA 2003 XIX th International Symposium, 30 September - 04 October, 2003, Antalya, Turkey 
Figure 1. Large area magnetometric survey in southern 
Abusir with identification of magnetic rectangular 
features of cemetery area (11,5 ha). 
with egyptologist and respecting some previous results 
of field surface survey and fotogrammetry realised in 
2001. For geophysical surveys (and all types of possible 
future surveys connected together by GIS) has been 
established for the whole area of czech territory unique 
geodetical grid-net 50x50m with N-S orientation. The 
large area magnetometric survey of hilly and sloped 
landscape around excavated tomb-complex of vizier Qar 
and official Inti (approx. 11,5 ha) was the main focus of 
geophysical measurements in 2002 in southern Abusir. 
The example of preliminary results of magnetometric 
survey of this area documents very intensive and also 
extensive use of probable cemetery area approx. 7-8 ha 
(fig. 1). The main concentrations of various rectangular, 
surbrectangular or linear probable mud brick structures 
cover the whole upper hilly plateau and sloped terrain 
south-eastern from present excavated area of shaft 
tombs in Qar family complex. Various dimensions, 
shapes, orientations and also amplitudes of identified 
linear magnetic anomalies could contribute to separation 
of more different types of funeral or another features 
(tombs, shaft tombs, chapels, walls,...?) very probably 
from more different periods of Old Kingdom or later 
activities on site (fig. 2). The use of magnetometers in 
complicated field conditions helped to idnetification of 
low or high magnetic components of more complicated 
features where was very common to combine more 
building materials (magnetic mud bricks, non-magnetic 
limestome blocks, very low or non-magnetic clay and 
sandy materials, only sometimes also magnetic granites 
or high magnetic volcanic materials). 
The big concentartion of remains of various features on 
magnetometric results represents very probably only a 
part of features present on surveyed area beneath the 
0 25 SO 
met* ps 
Figure 2. Separation of different types and shapes of 
linear features from detail of magnetometric survey 
(approx. 2 ha). 
The new geophysical survey in territory of the new 
Czech archaeological concession after more than 20 
years brouht to egyptologists a lot of quantitatively and 
also qualitatively new results. The new experience of 
application and testing of more geophysical techiques 
provides more real ideas about possibilities and also 
limitations of geophysical work in desert conditions. 
Anyway for the future choice of geophysical work (and 
possibility of better interpretation of identified 
anomalies) in area of south Abusir it will be good to 
have any archaeological data and at first to verify more 
discovered places by quick archaeological excavations 
(trenches). For the future work in southern Abusir 
region western from dry Abusir lake it would be also 
useful to coordinate, compare and complete area 
magnetometric results with similar area geophysical 
surveys on territory of National Museum of Scotland 
concession in northern Sakkara. The first systematic 
archaological verifications of geophysical results from 
2002 field-season should be realised in autumn 2003. 
Barta, M. - Krejci, J., eds. 2000. Abusir and Saqqara in 
the Year 2000, Prague. 
Barta, M., 2001. Abusir V. The Cemeteries at Abusir 
South I, Prague. 
Bruna,V., 2002. Uloha geoinformatiky pri 
archeologickem vyzkumu v Abusiru, In: PES - Prazske 
egyptologicke studie, 1/2002, pp. 43-47, Praha. 
Cech, P., 2002. Nova metoda ve starem kabate, In: PES - 
Prazske egyptologicke studie, 1/2002, pp. 48-50, Praha. 
Hasek, V. - Obr, F. - Prichystal, A. - Verner, M., 1986. 
Application of Geological and Geophysical Methods in 
Archaeological Research at Abusir. Sbornlk geologickych

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