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New perspectives to save cultural heritage
Altan, M. Orhan

CIP A 2003 XIX"‘ International Symposium, 30 September - 04 October, 2003, Antalya, Turkey
concentric with the ones said above and with the
diameter similar to their radius, considering the relative
root-mean-square deviation.
Figura 4
It can be highlighted that the circumference
interpolated on the four piles relative to Sant'Aquilino is
tangent to the four octagonal columns while the other
three groups of four columns each have a distance from
the interpolated circumferences of a maximum of 35 cm
in the centreline.
Figura 5
Building the circumferences that interpolate the groups
of columns of each sector of the tetraconco, you find
out that it adheres perfectly to the columns but it
crosses the curvilinear parts of the piles (fig. 5).
The translation of three of the four circumferences
doesn't change the geometry and the dimensions but it
must be expanded with new hypothesis and
elaborations considering the up-to-date results.
Gathering the pile points and the curvilinear sector
points worsens the outcome and the adjustment of the
circumferences to reality.
It is clear from these first deductions that the four
interpolated circumferences of the exedras of the
tetraconco are inscribed in another circumference
perfectly tangent to the extrados of the sectors of the
exedras. Even if this hypothesis could explain the layout
operations and the project genesis, we must be careful
and deepen our studies before drawing conclusions that
have only a probability of being true.
1.9 Archaeological and archaeometrical studies
The archaeological and archaeometrical research has
studied all the structures in a vertical sequence, from
foundations to coverings. Thanks to the
characterization of the various stonework techniques
and to the stratigraphic analysis (fig. 6,7 e 8) of the
walls of each part, many different construction stages
have been isolated, grouped in periods and tested with
radiocarboniol4 and thermoluminescence. Some
original parts of the floor have also been put through
the stratigraphic analysis, just like piles and supporting
columns, as well as decorated surfaces (mosaics,
frescos, plaster).
All the building techniques of the walls, in stone or in
brick, have been characterized and deepened with the
description of texture, mensiochronologic and chemical-
physical characteristics of the mortars. The single
techniques have also been dated one by one. A
cataloguing operation of all the details surveyed has
been set.
All the building stages have been historically defined in
order to insert them in the three-dimensional model
resulting from the survey, which will represent the
structural evolution of the building and that will allow
the reconsideration of what has been deducted from
documentary sources, in the light of the last
archaeological results.
The plan at the women's gallery level, two principal
sections and the model of one of the most complex
sectors of the tetraconco has been arranged.
All the data resulting from the survey, from the
archaeometrical and material analysis, rendered
numerically congruent in the space, will be gradually
systematized in order to be processed in a GIS.
Figura 6