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New perspectives to save cultural heritage
Altan, M. Orhan

CIPA 2003 XIX 11 ' International Symposium, 30 September — 04 October, 2003, Antalya, Turkey
University of
ly on Coppa
ments of the
; phases after
: presence of
:k dry stones,
lan 70 meters
of prehistoric
a defensive
should have
t outside the
Figure 10. a) Location of the CpO profile respect to the excavations, b) Lateral view of the recovered structures showing the two
stone made coverings separated by a filling of earth.
'Si- MO
H ■ ' m °
iÜP. -400
200 on
ding to their
ie detected
to verify this
the ground
suggested the
between the
ures could be
3t appropriate
m long were
eir locations,
: chosen to
: igure 9. The
;e of [3, 77]
action an area
enclosing a
present in the
•adually. This
uried sources
f the defence
: artifact ( in
[V B.C.) was
lere a mixture
covering (the
ries later and
of earth (the
As regards the right part of the pseudosections it is worth noting
the lack of resistivity anomalies which could be connected to
the presence of a further stone covering delimiting the other side
of the supposed ditch. This outcome made the archaeologists
conclude that the ditch was strengthened only on the side close
to the boundary wall. In fact the possibility that the ditch could
be longer than 18m and therefore its external wall located
outside the surveyed area is considered to be extremely
The geophysical surveys have successfully provided important
information to the archaeological research in four different
situations. Summarizing the obtained results it is worth pointing
out schematically the following aspects:
• all the highlighted anomalies had a full archaeological
• both the position and the shape of the signals have
shown a good correspondence to those of the sources
• the structures brought to the light by the excavations
are mostly made of calcareous material and were
hosted by a clayey soil
• environmental noises of various origins were present
particularly regarding the magnetic surveys
Definitely, geophysical surveys both magnetic and electric has
proven to be quite an effective tool in locating buried
archaeological structures and guiding excavations with a great
saving of money and time.
The often unlikely environmental conditions and the presence of
weak sources of signal (calcareous material could be considered
almost inert by the magnetic point of view) affected negatively
the survey. Nevertheless using proper field procedures to collect
data and good processing techniques it is possible to obtain the
maximum content of information. Finally high resolution
magnetic and electric images are fundamental in order to
recognize the structures even from the shape of their anomalies.
References from Journals:
Becker, H., 1995. From Nanontesla to Picotesla - A New
Window For Magnetic Prospecting in Archaeology.
Archaeological Prospection, Vol. 2, pp. 217-228.
Ciminale M., 2003. A High-resolution Magnetic Mosaic at the
Kyme Archaeological Site (Turkey). Archaeological Prospection
Vol. 10, pp. 119-130.
Ciminale M., Loddo M., 2001. Aspects of Magnetic Data
Processing. Archaeological Prospection. Vol. 4, pp 239-246.
Ciminale M., Ricchetti E., 1999. Non-destructive Exploration in
the Archaeological Park of Metaponto (Southern Italy).
Archaeological Prospection, Vol. 6, pp. 75-84.
Eder-Hinterleitner A., Neubauer W., Melichar P., 1996.
Restoring Magnetic Anomalies. Archaeological Prospection,
Vol. 3, pp. 185-197.
Lagona S., 1993. Kyme eolica: fonti storia, topografia.
Cronache di Archeologia Università di Catania 32, pp. 19-33.
Volpe G. et al., 2002. // complesso episcopale paleocristiano di
san Pietro a Canosa. Prima relazione preliminare (campagna
di scavi 2001). Vetera Christianorum. anno 39, fase. 1, pp. 134-
References from Books:
Mather P. M., 1999. Computer Processing of Remotely-Sensed
Images. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester.
Scollar L, Tabbagh A., Hesse A., Herzog L, 1990.
Archaeological Prospecting and Remote Sensing. Cambridge,
Cambridge University Press.
Ward H. S., 1990. Resistivity and Induced Polarization
Methods. In Geotechnical and Environmental Geophysics,
Vol. 1 Review and Tutorials, S.E.G., Oklahoma, pp. 147-186.
References from websites:
Cazzella A.. L’insediamento fortificato dell'età del Bronzo di
Coppa Nevigata (Manfredonia): risultati degli scavi effettuati
nel mese di settembre 1999.
Http://antichità.lt.uniromal ,it/news/z_neviga.htm (accessed
The authors wish express their gratitude to the archaeologists
Sebastiana Lagona, Giuliano Volpe, Angela Ciancio and
Alberto Cazzella for fruitful discussion and cooperation. The
study was supported financially by MIUR Cofin 99 and
University of Bari EF 01/02. We wish gratefully acknowledge
the text review by Betta Pesole.