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New perspectives to save cultural heritage
Altan, M. Orhan

CIPA 2003 XIX th International Symposium, 30 September - 04 October, 2003, Antalya, Turkey
• New formation Yildirim Beyazit neighborhood social
• Is housing and neighborhood pattern homogenous or
A survey was conducted in Yildirim Beyazit Neighborhood
of the Yildirim district on 220 houses between March-June
2003 .The Houses were selected in a random way. Interviews
were done with the head of families. This data is used in the
statistical analysis to determine the satisfaction of the
residents (see to figures and tables).
A) Old Housing Types
The traditional houses of Anatolia are generally of Hilani and
megaron types and the same kinds of houses are seen in this
district. Homes currently being built in rural neighborhoods
continue to be these types.
B) Minimum Housing Types
Minimum housing types are seen in this district, as well as in
other district of Edirne (Erdogan,1994). These consist of
houses with no deeds that are constructed on vacant lots and
fields. These houses resemble to the basic Anatolian house as
they generally consist of two rooms built around a central
C) Multi -Floor Apartment Blocks
The new housing is generally developing without preserving
the earlier, traditional housing textures due to rapid urban
development. Thus, traditional homes are quickly
disappearing and are being replaced by blocks of multi-
floored apartment buildings.
5.1 Household Characteristics
60 % of the household has 4 persons which is the largest ratio
among the others. 17.2 % of the mothers are 30-40 years old,
21.8 % 40-50 and 11.8 % 50-60 which are the higher ratio
than the others. With respect to education of the mothers,
51.81% has primary school, 8.18 % secondary school
education. 17.27 % of the mothers is illiterate. 62 % of the
household have 2 children per family which is the highest
ratio among the others. Education and occupancy of the 632
children is expresses as 11.86 % is primary school student,
10.6% secondary school student, 9.17% primary school
graduates, 5.69 % secondary school graduates, 8.38 % high-
school graduates and 37.34 % married and working. The
educational level of the parents is as follows: Primary school
graduates are 50.9 %, primary school drop outs are 13.63 %,
illiterates are 13.18 % and the secondary school graduates are
5.2 Economic Situation of The Family
355 persons of the sample population are contributing to the
income of families from which 52.2 % are fathers and 38.5 %
are children. Occupation types of the fathers are as follows:
20.52 % self-employed, 16.93 % farmers, 12.37 % retired
9.77 % employees and 20.52 % jobless. Occupation of
mothers is as follows: 56.08 % is house wives, 12.17 %
farmers and 10.86 % seasonal jobs.
5.3 Origin of Families and Duration to Stay
With respect to the origins of the families, 33.52% are
natives, 32.62 % from Edirne, 7.58% from Greece and 4.37
% from Kirklareli. Duration to stay in the same house are as
follows: 16.36 % is 0-5 years, 13.63 % 5-10 years, 12.77 %
20-25 years, 14.54 % 26-30 years. Location of parents
changes as follows: 28.3 % is in other neighborhoods of
Edirne, 28.71 % in the same neighborhood and 16.5 % in
Greece. Reasons to chose their neighborhood are as follows:
14.05 % job opportunities, 14.05 % being natives, 12.04 %
house ownership and 12.04 % marriage.
5.4 Social Characteristics of the Families and Social
55 % of families are extended families. Family members are
as follows: 18.1 % are brides, 15.7 % fathers, 9.4 % brother
or sister, 12.7 % married children. 68.1 % of the families
have their relatives in their neighborhoods. With respect to
best friend location, 32.75 % is next door neighbor, 12.06 %
in the same building, 19.36 % in front of the door, 5.17 % on
a different street, 4.13 % relatives. The ratio of families who
met their friends in their neighborhoods is 86.8 %.
Frequency of social interactions with their neighbors are as
follows: 30.48 % with the neighbor in the next door, 17.07 %
with the neighbor in the front, 10.67 % with relatives ,29.98
% with the neighbors around and 12.8 % with the neighbors
in the same building. Frequency of social interactions with
neighbors is a follows: 33.63 % once a day,19.09 % more
than once a day, 17.27 % more than once a week, 11.36 %
whenever they have an occasion, 10.45 % once a week, 4.54
% other neighborhood. The ratio of the families who have
contacts with the friend and relatives in other neighborhoods
of Edirne is 75.9 %. The reasons of social interactions are
26.8 % visits to relatives, 15.9 % special visits such wedding,
11.8 % job visits and others. Frequency of visits are 28.14 %
once a week, 20.95 % more than once a week, 12.57 % once
a month, 9.58 % more than once a month, 10.17 % seldom,
8.38 % everyday and 7.18 % often. 76.1 % of the families do
not dispute with their neighbors. The families who admit that
they dispute with their neighbors explain the frequency as
follows: %42 seldom, 31 % once a week, 17 % a couple of
times in a year, 10% every day. The ratio of friends from the
same origin is 43.2 %. The distribution of their origin county
is as follows: 19.2 % from Bulgaria, 16.8 % from Greece and
10.4 from Istanbul. The ratio of families who have close
contact with their neighbors is 68.1 %.
5.5 Social Support
65 % of the families received help from their neighbors or
relatives when they moved to this neighborhood. The ratio of
the families who are aware of new comers is 38.6 %, 45.9 %
who are unaware, 15.4 % do not have any idea. 27.05% of
the nevV comers to this neighborhood come from Edirne's
other neighborhoods. 82.3 % of new comers are from the
different origin of the natives of the neighborhood which 44.9
% of people admit that they support each other, 32.2 % do
not have the same option, 23.6 % some times. They help each
other. 68.8 % of people admit that they help new comers.
5.6 Residential Characteristics
The distribution of the number of room is as follows: 15.9 %
of the houses have 2 rooms, 41.8 % have 3 rooms, and 33.1
% have 4 rooms. The satisfaction from the neighborhood is
69.5 %. Their desired changes in their homes and their
neighborhoods are as follows: 22.91 % of people want larger
homes and addition of a kitchen and balcony, 17.33 % want