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International cooperation and technology transfer
Mussio, Luigi

Compte - Rendu of the ISPRS WG VI/3
High Level Tutorial in Bandung
Fahmi Amhar, Tutorial Chairperson
In February 1997, during the business session of the first
ISPRS WG Meeting, in Padua (Italy), the ISPRS WG VI/3
Chairperson, with the agreement of the ISPRS Working
Group, proposed to the past President of the ISPRS TC VI,
Dr. Klaas Villanueva, a High Level Tutorial. It should be
held in Bandung (Indonesia), in the two days immediately
before the ISPRS TC VI Mid - Term Symposium, originally
scheduled in August 1998.
The spirit of this tutorial was international cooperation and
transfer usefully of mature and innovative technologies, with
the positive aim of their peaceful use. Indeed the market, as
well as some academic affairs, are able to transfer
technologies, but often in conflict with the spirit of the
international cooperation which implies co-generation of
scientists, technicians and users, in a peaceful world,
independently on their country of origin.
Furthermore during the preparation of this tutorial, it was
easy to recognize that Prof. Shunji Murai, of both the
University of Tokyo and the Asian Institute of Technology in
Bangkok, could play an important role, in its promotion.
Therefore he was kindly invited to be the Convenor of the
tutorial itself, helping in both the selection of topics and
lecturers. The preliminary program of this tutorial looked
very interesting.
Unfortunately unpredictable and undesirable difficulties and
troubles, in Indonesia, imposed a delay of eight months, to
the ISPRS TC VI Mid - Term Symposium. It imposed some
modification in the program of the tutorial, because some
lecturers had evident conflicts of dates, due to the spring
semester (in Europe and North America) and some other
previously scheduled meetings. Anyway a new satisfactory
program was set up.
Moreover, in this framework, also the ISPRS TC VI
President changed. Therefore the ISPRS Council appointed
Dr. Teuku Lukman Aziz, as its successor. The ISPRS WG
VI/3 Chairperson wrote immediately to the new President,
confirming the great interest in the preparation of the High
Level Tutorial, and he agreed with this proposal, putting the
tutorial in the preliminary program of the ISPRS TC VI Mid
- Term Symposium.
Consequentially a circular letter of the working group was
spread out to around 600 people (around 100 only, among
them, in Italy), kindly inviting all people to do all the best to
attend both the Mid - Term Symposium and the High Level
Tutorial. The spirit of this invitation was to urge people, both
contributing directly with a high level participation and
spreading out the information, as much as possible,
increasing the success of this event.
The High Level Tutorial was held, in the two mornings on
Tuesday and Wednesday, April 12 - 13, 1999, in Bandung
(Indonesia), at the Institute of Technology Bandung (ITB).
Between forty and fifty people, mostly young, from
Indonesia and few other neighbor countries attended it. The
tutorial was opened by the ISPRS TC VI President, Dr.
Teuku Lukman Aziz and chaired, in the two days, by Dr.
Fahmi Amhar and Purbandomo respectively.
Bandung is a modem city, of medium size, in a hilly area
surrounded by mountains, in the center of Java, the most
important island of Indonesia. The equatorial position of Java
gives to the landscape and panorama the evidence of green of
the vegetation. Flowers, gardens and some ancient buildings
make nice the city, even if modem. Moreover the relative
altitude offers a comfortable weather, absolutely not humid,
but for some big sudden showers.
The cultural climate is interesting too. Indonesia, especially
Java, is a country of long history and tradition. Starting from
an interesting popular theater and arriving to a remarkable
good cuisine, one can say that the cultural climate is of high
level, because it is easy to recognize that popular culture is
also the base for the high one.
The first lecture was given by Prof. Alessandro Carosio
(carosio@geod.ethz.ch), of the IGP of the ETH - Zurich
(Switzerland). It dealt with Map Based Automatic
Reconstruction and Visualization of Country - Wide
Landscape Models using Techniques of Artificial
Intelligence. The principal topics of this lecture were data -
map acquisition, 3D data modeling, AI inference rules, 3D
data visualization, GIS operability.
The second lecture was given by Prof. Luigi Mussio
(luigi@ipmtf4.topo.polimi.it), of the DIIAR of the
Polytechnic of Milan (Italy). It dealt with Mathematical
Aspects of Spatially Referenced Data Analysis. The principal
topics of this lecture were statistics, spatial analysis, temporal
aspects, integrated approach, discrete mathematics, texture
and pattern recognition, and parsers, furnishing a suitable
mixture of theory and practice.
At the end of the two lectures, in the afternoon and in the
following day, some students caught the lecturers, with the
aim to discuss about specific problems of their interest.
Therefore the use of a GIS in the planning of the mobile -
telephone antennas and the application of aerial
photogrammetry to model the terrain deformation after a
landslide were taken into account, deeply discussed and
brought to practical and useful suggestions.
The following three lectures were given by three Indonesian
scientists: the first one concluded the morning, whilst the
remaining two ones opened the next day. Dr. Bambang
Setyadij (setyadji@gd.itb.ac.id), of the Department of
Geodetic Engineering of ITB in Bandung (Indonesia), gave a
lecture on the Role of GPS for Supporting the Information
Technology Back - tone. The keywords of his lecture were
obviously devoted to GPS, DGPS and GIS.
Dr. Fahmi Amhar (famhar@hotmail.com), of the National
Mapping Center in Bakosurtanal (Indonesia), gave a lecture
on 3D Building Model in Conjunction with a Conventional
DTM for a True Orthophoto Generation. The main topics of
his lecture were displacements and double mapping in
conventional orthophoto, fusion approach to build 3D
infrastructure, and integrated visibility analysis in true
orthophoto generation.
Finally Dr. Riadika Mastra (mastra@indo.net.id), the ISPRS
TC VI Secretary for the period 1996 - 2000, of the National
Mapping Center in Bakosurtanal (Indonesia), gave a lecture
on Geo - information Infrastructure for Satellite - Data in
Indonesia. The keywords of his lecture, especially focussed
on Indonesia, were telecommunication, networks, transport
protocols, databases, remote procedures, metadata, inter -
The last lecture was very well given by Prof. Shunji Murai
(chiwa@shunji.iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp, murai @aic.ac.th), of both
the University of Tokyo (Japan) and the Asian Institute of
Technology in Bangkok (Thailand). It dealt with Global Geo
- engineering Approach using Remote Sensing and GIS:
Prediction of Global Deforestation from NOAA AVHRR and
Geo - spatial Data.
The principal topics of this lecture were remote sensing, the
growth of the population, the deforestation and other geo -
disasters, a very well done experiment of correlation of the