You are using an outdated browser that does not fully support the intranda viewer.
As a result, some pages may not be displayed correctly.

We recommend you use one of the following browsers:

Full text

Transactions of the Symposium on Photo Interpretation

by Abraham H. Birnbaum
U.S. Army Personnel Research Office, Washington D.C.
Abstract Human behavior in terms of actual performance has been investigated for the
purpose of determining those photo characteristics that are best for the detection and iden
tification of objects on photographs. Reported are the findings of a study of the relative
merits of positive transparencies, negative transparencies, positive prints (non-stereo) and
stereo prints. Four different sets of photographs varying in content and reproduced at two
quality levels, were submitted to 64 experienced photo interpreters. Their performance was
evaluated in terms of accuracy and completeness of their identification.
Résumé Les possibilités humaines d’interprétation ont été étudiées pour déterminer quelles
sont les meilleures caractéristiques photographiques de détection et d’identification d’objets.
Il est fait mention ici des résultats d’une étude concernant les avantages relatifs de transparents
positifs et négatifs, de copies positives (non stéréoscopiques) et de copies stéréoscopiques.
Quatre jeux différents de photographies reproduits à deux niveaux de qualité furent soumis
à 64 photointerprètes expérimentés. Les résultats de leur identification ont été jugés d’après
leur précision et leur degré de perfection.
Zusammenfassung Es wurde die menschliche Leistungsfähigkeit untersucht, mit dem
Zweck, diejenigen Luftbild-Eigenschaften festzulegen, welche für die Entdeckung und Be
stimmung von Einzelheiten in den Luftbildern am geeignetsten sind. Es wird das Ergebnis
einer Studie besprochen über den relativen Wert von Positif- und Negatif-Transparenten,
Positif-Einzel-Abdrücken und Positif-Stereo-Abdrücken. Vier Photo-Spiele, inhaltlich ver
schieden und abgedruckt auf zwei Qualität-Niveaus, wurden von 64 Beobachtern untersucht
und die Ergebnisse hinsichtlich Genauigkeit und Vollständigkeit überprüft.
Until fairly recently very little was known about basic psychological factors
in image interpretation, particularly in the operational setting. To fill this gap
the United States Army Personnel Research Office formulated a program to
answer the question: What are the skills, abilities and techniques that are
necessary to detect and identify objects on photographs.
In the implementation of our research program we have paid particular
attention to problems that dealt with determination of how interpreters can
best use the imagery, equipment, time, and skills to extract useful information.
Prior studies dealt with performance as a function of viewing time, repeat
exposure to imagery, and team work procedures. The effort of these studies
was directed primarily towards gaining insight into how interpreter performance
might be improved via the mechanism of improving techniques and procedures
of interpreter operations. We were, however, not unaware of the fact that the
nature of the stimulus material itself has an impact on performance. This
paper will deal primarily with interpreter performance as a function of selected
photo display characteristics. The study is concerned with the relative merits
of positive transparencies, negative transparencies, positive prints (stereo) and
positive prints (non-stereo).