Full text: Modern trends of education in photogrammetry & remote sensing

Aleksandra Bujakiewicz DSc. , PhD 
Head of Department 
Department of Surveying 
University of Zambia 
P.O.Box 3E379, Lusaka,Zambia 
Commission VI 
The development of African countries reqires a great number of 
professional surveyors in order to carry out all mapping, cadastral and 
engineering surveys.The cost of services and training in surveying is 
very high. Such investment can only be made available through the 
international coopérâtion.The countries of Eastern, Central and 
Southern Africa have only a few academic institutions which can 
provide higher education services in the Land Surveying Programme, 
offer consultancy and conduct research in surveying, geodesy and 
photogrammetry for this region of Africa.The Department of Surveying 
at the University of Zambia is one of these academic institutions. The 
Department has been supported by the Swedish International Development 
Authority (SIDA) in respect of equipment and staff.The 
education,consultancy and research activity of the Department will be 
a subject of this paper. 
The serious shortage of surveyors in East,Central and Southern African 
Region has been widely recognised and discussed.This matter has been 
raised at the CASLE seminars and FIG Forum. In March 1973, the Second 
General Assembly of CASLE established the Commonwealth Board of 
Surveying Education,to promote the provision and improve standards of 
education and training in surveying and land economy. Deve1opment of 
African countries requires a geat number of professional surveyors in 
order to carry out all work connected with topographic, engineering and 
cadastral surveys,using the conventional field methods and 
photogrammetry and remote sensing as well.The cost of services and 
education in surveying is very high. Such investment can only be 
reduced through the international cooperation. Setting up such 
institutions as the Center for Services in Surveying, Mapping and 
Remote Sensing in Nairobi,Kenia or the National Remote Sensing in 
Harare,was supposed to solve partly the short term technical training 
in mapping,photogrammetry and remote sensing. In some countries the 
national educational institutions for the technical training in 
surveying are available, where the certificates and the National 
Diplomas can be obtained. However, because of a luck of proper staff 
and equipment,the level of this training is not always satisfactory to 
meet the new trends in technology. Therefore,the advanced technical 
training, long or short term, is still required in the Overseas 
institutions. Regarding the higher surveying education in 
Eastern,Central and Southern Africa, the only academic institutions 
are: the Universities of Sudan, Nairobi, Dar es Salaam, Zambia and 
Zimbabwe. Such countries as Botswana, Malawi, Swaziland, Mozambique, 
Namibia, do not have the surveying programme at all, and the academic 
qualifications in surveying are usually obtained from the overseas 
universities. A high cost of such study implies the academic regional 
training, in these universities, where The Surveying Program is not 

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