Full text: New perspectives to save cultural heritage

K. Kraus 
Institute of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Vienna University of Technology, GuBhausstraBe 27-29/El 22, A-1040 
Vienna, Austria, kk@jpf.tuwien.ae.at 
KEYWORDS: Heritage Documentation, Cellini's sculpture Saliera, Behaim Globe, Buddha statues of Bamiyan, National 
Park Neusiedler See, archaeological excavations in Ephesos, Schloss Schönbrunn, Historic Centre of Vienna 
The frame to this presentation is provided by the intermediatory role of CIPA with its RecorDIM initiative, between ICO- 
MOS on the one side, and ISPRS on the other. Exemplified by seven relevant occasions and projects (see Keywords), ways 
and potentials of special contributions to precise and comprehensive heritage documentation will be described - applying 
methods and procedures as developed and provided by the ISPRS. Additionally, for each project, closing statements - in 
some cases just keywords - are given to concern potential financing, and the main technical points exemplified by the project. 
International organizations such as ICOMOS (Interna 
tional Council of Monuments and Sites) and ISPRS 
(International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote 
Sensing) are energetically pursuing most of the aims as 
formulated by their respective statutes and bylaws. Issues 
connecting such organizations are not given sufficient 
attention, however. CIPA (International Scientific Com 
mittee for Documentation of Cultural Heritage) at the 
seam between ICOMOS and ISPRS provides the corre 
sponding bridging function; with its RecorDIM initiative 
(Recording, Documentation and Information Manage 
ment), CIPA has set ambitious goals for the coming four 
years, closely connected with ICOMOS and with ISPRS. 
Corresponding activities play an important role also in 
the CIPA Symposium Antalya 2003. 
This contribution to the CIPA Symposium is declared as 
ISPRS presentation. I am going to deal with points of 
ISPRS competence in Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing 
and Spatial Information Sciences in correspondence with 
§1 of its statutes. I am addressing in the first line the 
ICOMOS community; to do this via the CIPA seems to 
me appropriate and reasonable. - In the next half an hour 
the CIPA can be considered as some relay station con 
necting ISPRS and ICOMOS. 
I am going to comment on several occasions indicating 
the necessity to intensify heritage documentation. To 
describe the very wide methodological and technological 
spectrum represented by ISPRS, I will use typical exam 
ples. I am asking for your understanding for presenting 
several projects with involvement of our institute, the 
Institute for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 
(I.P.F.). In the literature (e.g. Proceedings of the CIPA- 
Symposium in Potsdam 2001) one can find numerous 
descriptions of similar and comparable projects, and also 
of projects considerably more far-reaching than those at 
the I.P.F. 
For each project, first a short general description is given, 
followed by a more detailed presentation of the special 
methods and techniques applied. Statements or just key 
words concerning on potential financing and the relevant 
technical points is rounding up the description of each 
There are numerous accounts of this robbery in the Inter 
net. The following slightly modified citations are from 
(Fleishman/Yee, 2003): ’’Climbing, scaffolding and 
smashing a window, thieves slipped into Vienna’s Art 
History Museum and - despite high-tech motion sensors 
and round-the-clock guards - disappeared with a 16 th - 
century gold-plated masterpiece sculpted by Benvenuto 
Cellini. The sculpture, known as the Saliera, or salt cellar, 
is valued at about € 50 million.” 
Cellini wrote this about the Saliera: “In order to show 
how the sea is connected with the Earth, I made two 
figures ... The sea, depicted as a man, holds a richly 
decorated ship which was intended to hold salt. The 
Earth, I depict as a woman, of such lovely form and as 
graceful as I knew how to create. Next to her I placed on 
the ground a richly decorated temple, which was intended 
to hold pepper.”

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