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New perspectives to save cultural heritage
Altan, M. Orhan

J. Bell*, C. Ouimet*
* Heritage Conservation Services, Client Service Team for Canadian Heritage and Parks Canada, Public Works and
Government Services Canada
KEY WORDS: Built Heritage Restoration, Heritage Conservation, Heritage Recording, Heritage Recording Techniques
The inclusion of sound heritage recording is seldom a high priority to a multidisciplinary multi-client restoration project. Often it is
an after thought driven by the lack of a detailed understanding of the cultural resource throughout the life cycle of the project.
Heritage recording is a core conservation activity. The “project scope” for the Fort Henry project states “HCS will carry out heritage
recording investigations to understand the issues and provide clear options on how to stabilize, restore and conserve the resources
with a conservation approach meeting Parks Canada’s conservation policies”. This paper discusses the recording techniques applied
and the recording deliverables generated as critical inputs to the on-going Fort Henry rehabilitation project. These deliverables will
be evaluated/discussed as to “where value lies” as a result of their generation and the gaps vis-à-vis the information provider vs. the
information user. An approach to tailoring the record to specific information user needs is outlined and evaluated Furthermore the
role of heritage recording training for project conservation engineers and architects is presented.
Fort Henry National Historic Site of Canada (NHSC) was built
from 1832 to 1837 to replace an existing fortification from the
War of 1812 era. Situated atop Point Henry, the fort protected
the naval dockyard at Point Frederick, the entrance of the
Rideau Canal, and the town of Kingston; the latter serving as
the major trans-shipment point along the supply route between
The fort was abandoned by the British Army in 1870, and was
garrisoned by Canadian troops until 1891. During World War I,
Fort Henry was used as an internment camp for political
prisoners. Following the war, the fort fell into disuse and
Fort Henry was declared a national historic site by the Historic
Sites and Monuments Board of Canada in 1923. In the reasons
Montreal/Ottawa and all points west. In the 1840s Fort Henry
was enlarged with the construction of the branch ditch towers
and commissariat stores, making Fort Henry the largest
fortification west of Quebec City. The fort alone cost 70,000
British pounds sterling to construct, the equivalent of
$35,000,000 in modem Canadian currency.
for designation it was noted that the fort “is a site of great
national importance and its historic features should be
preserved, repairs carried out and everything done to make it an
attractive memorial...” In a joint Federal/Provincial project,
Fort Henry was restored in 1936 to 1938 at a cost of $1 million
dollars. The fort was opened as a museum and historic site “in
the name of all British soldiers who served there” by Prime
Minister Mackenzie King in August 1938.
Fig. 1 : Aerial view