Full text: New perspectives to save cultural heritage

CIPA 2003 XIX th International Symposium, 30 September - 04 October, 2003, Antalya, Turkey 
During World War II, Fort Henry became Camp 31, a Prisoner 
of War camp for enemy merchant seamen, soldiers, sailors and 
airmen. Today, Fort Henry continues to function as a museum 
and an important national historic site 
Parks Canada is the Federal Agency responsible for the 
protection and promotion of nationally significant examples of 
Canada’s natural and cultural heritage. Parks Canada 
administers approximately 146 national historic sites on behalf 
of the people of Canada, including Fort Henry. In partnership 
with the St. Lawrence Parks Commission, Parks Canada is 
responsible for maintaining the site’s commemorative integrity. 
This is achieved in two ways; by ensuring the protection and 
preservation of the fort’s valued cultural resources and by 
educating Canadians and visitors about its national historic 
significance. At Fort Henry NHSC, the St. Lawrence Parks 
Commission provides high quality and informative 
programming to visitors through guided tours, museum 
displays, special events and the Fort Henry Guard. 
A core conservation activity, heritage recording 
provides base documentation essential for the 
development of options for any intervention to a 
cultural resource. The information further provides a 
sound basis for establishing an approach towards the 
rehabilitation of the resource. In subsequent phases of 
this project, private sector consultants will use the 
heritage recording documents in the development of 
the final design, tender documents, and drawing 
The Fort Henry NHSC is a grouping of individual 
cultural resources: the Redoubt, the Commissariat 
Stores and reverse fire chambers, advanced battery, the 
curtain wall and demi-bastions, and the two branch 
ditches and towers. 
The heritage recording completed to date on this project 
represents only a fraction of Fort Henry NHSC’s cultural 
resources. Other site elements will be documented based on the 
priority of interventions throughout the life cycle of the 
rehabilitation project. In addition, specific areas of the fort’s 
cultural resources are of concern due to their structural 
instability. A monitoring program has been developed, using 
survey and photogrammetry, to assist the engineers in their 
understanding of present and future problems with the 
structures at risk. 
The heritage recording field recording team consisted of 6 
recorders for a period of three weeks in the spring of 2002. Of 
the six, there were two surveyors, one photographer and three 
hand-recording specialists. Supporting the field recording team 
for approximately 6 months were two Cad specialists tasked 
with compiling the final heritage record. 
Heritage recording was carried out in 2002/03 on the 
Commissariat Stores and the Redoubt. In order to have a 
better understanding of the Redoubt, Heritage Conservation 
Services (HCS) conducted a condition survey and produced as- 
found drawings and photos of the structure. The drawings 
included a roof plan, an elevation plan of the parade square, 
rectified photo elevations, longitudinal and transversal 
sections. This information, in addition to input from Parks 
Canada professionals including archaeologists and historians, 
was used to develop conservation guidelines. Having a 
thorough knowledge and understanding of a cultural resource 
before proposing interventions is in keeping with the Parks 
Canada Cultural Resource Management Policy (CRM), the 
Fort Henry Commemorative Integrity Statement and sound 
conservation policies and principles. For the Commissariat 
Stores, a condition survey of the roof structure and building 
envelope was conducted with the aid of as-found drawings and 
photos. Elevation line drawings were produced of the 
buildings showing window and door openings, mortar joints, 
roof outline and chimney locations. A roof plan and typical 
truss drawing were also prepared. As in the case of the 
Redoubt, this information formed the basis for the 
development of conservation guidelines for the rehabilitation 
of these structures. 
In most comprehensive restoration projects the number of 
partners, users and stakeholders is extensive and the Fort Henry 
rehabilitation project is no exception. The two main partners, 
Parks Canada and the St. Lawrence Parks Commission, 
amassed a team of conservation specialists for the project, 
including engineers, architects, heritage recorders, conservation 
technologists, architectural historians, archaeologists, and 
external conservation consultants. A project manager oversaw 
all work to ensure program delivery and to coordinate client 
approval of project scope, costs, schedules and project delivery. 
In addition, it is Parks Canada’s commitment to ensure that the 
public stakeholders play an integral role in the long-term 
conservation and management of the site. Steps by Parks 
Canada are presently being taken to provide a forum for 
community input into the preparation of the Fort Henry 
“management plan”. Other stakeholders include the Province of 
Ontario, the City of Kingston, and concerned heritage groups, 
to mention a few.

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