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Sharing and cooperation in geo-information technology
Aziz, T. Lukman

International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. Vol. XXXII, Part 6. Bandung-lndonesia 1999
Bemt H. Bakken
Blom - Narcon Cooperation
Jl.P.H.H Musthopa No.74
Bandung 40124
E-Mail : blomnrc@ibm.net.id
Commission VI Symposium; Technologi Transféré
KEY WORDS : Technology transfer in an industrial map production environment.
PT.NARCON of Bandung, Indonesia and Blom ASA of Oslo Norway, both companies being mapping and surveying
companies, joined forces in 1987. The first successful bid for a mapping contract was a World Bank Financed contract
for mapping parts of South and East Kalimantan for BAKOSURTANAL, The Indonesian National Mapping Authority.
The contract covered Photogrammetric Compilation, Field Compilation, Cartographic Production and Offset Printing of
181 scale 1:50.000 maps.
The first mapping contract was based on analog production methods. There were three foreign experts transferring at that time
“modern" mapping technologies to the Indonesia private mapping sector. During this first joined cooperation between the Indonesian
and Norwegian private mapping industry a lot of experience were gained for both parties. In a sense there were transfer of technology
both ways. The maps to be produced had to be completed within a limited time frame and there was no time to follow Norwegian
Training Programs which takes 3 to 4 years for professionals in mapping different disciplines. The only way we could reach the
production target was to specialize the operators and break down the routines for quality control into smaller entities.
In 1991 BAKOSURTANAL invited the Norwegian mapping
industry to make a feasibility study introducing digital
basemapping in Indonesia.
The feasibility study focused on scale 1:25.000 and 1:50.000
topographic basemapping. The study concluded that the
collection of geographic information should be in digital form
and that it was not yet the time to invest in equipment for a
digital cartographic production process.
In the last half of 1992 the project “ Medium scale Digital
Mapping of Jawa, Bali, Nusa Tenggara and Maluku Selatan“
was defined by BAKOSURTANAL. The island of Jawa, the
most populated area of Indonesia, the island Bali and the islands
east of Bali including South Maluku should be mapped at scale
1:25.000. A land area of 216000 km square stretched over a
distance of 3000 km was to be mapped.
1662 map sheets had to be produced to cover this area and the
project time was to be eight years. The production should
include ground control surveying, aerial photography,
photogrammetric compilation, field compilation, cartographic
processing and ofset printing.
After contract negotiation the mapping contract was awarded to
BIom-Narcon Cooperation. During the contract negotiation
between BAKOSURTANAL and Blom-Narcon Cooperation it
was made clear that BAKOSURTANAL did not accept a partly
digital and analog production process. BAKOSURTANAL
expected the Contractor to
establish a fully digital production line, without any changes to
the finance plan for the project.
In mid-April 1993 Blom-Narcon Cooperation received
approval to start the execution of the project.
An average of ten foreign experts were allocated for the project,
running over 96 months. Four experts were defined as Project
Advisory Group to BAKOSURTANAL and Six were defined as
Technical Assistance Team for Blom-Narcon Cooperation. Four
out of the ten were managerial positions.
The foreign experts working with BAKOSURTANAL were
mostly recruited from the Norwegian Mapping Authority and
the experts working with Blom-Narcon Cooperation were from
the private industry.
The Contractor was to be paid for deliverables, being expert
manmonths and units produced and approved. The only way
this project could be completed to complete in time and within
budget, was to train Indonesian personnel in administration,
production and quality control.
Control Point Surveying
188 first order ground control points were to be observed,
utilizing GPS and Total Stations.