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International cooperation and technology transfer
Mussio, Luigi

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Compte-rendu of the WG VI/3
Mariano Cunietti Memorial Meeting in Parma
Mojca Kosmatin Fras, WG VI/3 Co - chairperson
From February 15 to 19, 1999 the WG VI/3 "International
Cooperation and Technology Transfer" and the Italian Society
of Surveying and Photogrammetry organized a meeting of the
working group in Parma, Italy. The one - week meeting was
dedicated to memory of Prof. Mariano Cunietti, the Italian
acknowledged scientist, in different geo-related disciplines,
who died two years ago. His contribution reflected on both
Italian national and international level. The meeting took place
in the Main Hall of the University of Parma. Parma is a nice
city of art and culture and is also known by it’s good cuisine.
The meeting was ambitious in program (more than thirty
presented papers) and covered different disciplines: digital
photogrammetry, architectural surveying, WEB, DBMS and
GIS, thematic cartography and remote sensing, metrology and
data processing, deformation monitoring, positioning and
reference frame, mapping from space and extraterrestrial
mapping. A poster session, presenting twelve posters, was
organized as well.
The first day began in the afternoon with the opening session,
where the academic authorities, Prof.’s C. Scaravelli and C.
Monti, presented their welcome addresses, on behalf of the
Rectors of the University of Parma and of the TU of Milan
respectively. Successively continued with the contributions of
the invited speakers, Prof.’s L. Alfano, A. Capello and R.
Cassinis who had luck to know Prof. Mariano Cunietti
personally and to work with him, recalling their memories of
Prof. Cunietti and his work. This session was opened by the
ISPRS WG VI/3 Chair - person and chaired by the Local Host,
Prof. G. Forlani.
After the memorial part of the opening session, the ISPRS WG
VI/3 Chair - person thanked very much the Academic
Authorities of both the Univesity of Parma and the TU of
Milan, particulary the first one for the hospitality. Furthermore
he gave a special thanks to the distictnes guests, Prof.'s L.
Alfano, A. Capello and R. Cassinis, for their contributions in
memory of Prof. Mariano Cunietti. Moreover he thanked a lot
Prof.'s G. Konecny and K. Kraus, for participating the meeting
and giving their contributions. Finally he especially thanked
Prof. G. Forlani, for organization of the meeting, and all the
speakers and participants of this meeting.
Since fifties, Prof. Mariano Cunietti, after his degree in Physics,
was assistant professor of Survey and Mapping, at the
Polytechnic of Milan. Then, since sixties, he became full
professor of Technical Industrial Measurements, on the chair of
the retired Prof. Gino Cassinis (ISPRS President, Rector of the
Polytechnic of Milan and Mayor of the same city).
During his long career, Prof. Mariano Cunietti studied
gravimetry, photogrammetry, metrology and deformation
measurements. He gave an important contribution to the
realization of the first Italian gravimetric campaign. Deeply
interested in epistemology, he worked a lot in the comparison,
dialogue and confrontation between metrology and error theory.
Regarding photogrammetry, Prof. Mariano Cunietti was
Secretary of the ISP TC III, in the period 1956 - 1960, and 1 st
Italian delegate in the OEEPE for a very long period. He and
his research team at the Polytechnic of Milan participated in
many projects with important contributions, assuming
sometimes the fundamental role of pilot center.
Prof. Mariano Cunietti was Director of the Institute of Geodesy
Surveying Photogrammetry and Geophysics at the Polytechnic
of Milan and tutor of several students in the Survey and
Mapping, and Metrology Ph.D. Courses in Milan and Turin.
Furthermore he was the dean of the Italian Professors of
Technical Industrial Measurements and Organizer of twelve
Thinkshops on Metrology.
The person of Prof. Mariano Cunietti constituted an interesting
figure, with a very suitably balanced mixture of scientist and
humanist: he liked and knew literature, arts and music very
well. Philosophy and Physics were always present in his
scientific activities and he clearly taught the relation between
theory and praxis during his fascinating lectures.
The first paper presented was invited paper of Prof. G. Konecny
titeled «Mapping from Space». In the introduction, Prof.
Konecny pointed out some Italian contributions to the survey
and mapping disciplines, e.g. the first perspective, made in the
Italian renaissance, by Brunelleschi and Leonardo da Vinci.
Successively he pointed out the foundation of Military
Geographic Institute in Florence in 1873.
Furthermore he recalled the activities of Umberto Nistri who
founded the firm Ottico Meccanica Italiana (OMI) in Rome,
producing photogrammetric instruments, shortly after the 1 st
world war, and of Ermenegildo Santoni who developed
innovative photogrammetric instruments at the firm Galileo in
Florence, at the same time. Moreover he noted that the firm
OMI also produced the first analytical plotter, under Helava &
Parenti, at the beginning of sixties.
Finally remembering the figure of Prof. Gino Cassinis, ISPRS
President and Congress Director of the ISP Congress of Rome
in 1938, he recalled that Prof. Mariano Cunietti was coworker
and colleague of him. Thus going to the end of his introduction,
he pointed out that Prof. Mariano Cunietti, together with the
late Prof. Giovanna Togliatti, evaluated the first space images
taken by the Large Format Camera of NASA.
The main topic of his presentation was not directed toward
history, but toward the future professional challenges which lie
in «mapping from space». Firstly he established a motivation,
why mapping from space is important, secondly he re - posted
as to what can be accomplished today, for the benefit of the
whole humanity, and thirdly he opened the challenged scenario
for mapping from space in the future.
The first technical session was chaired by C. Monti. The chair
persons of other technical sessions were: A. Selvini, M.A.
Brovelli, B. Crippa, T. Bellone, F. Radicioni, G. Manzoni, F.
Migliaccio, F. Sanso, G. Fangi, L. Mussio.
The first technical session dealt with architectural surveying.
Some first results of an approach of surveying and mapping
sculptures, with digital photogrammetric methods, the