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Special UNISPACE III volume
Marsteller, Deborah

International Archives of Photogrammetiy and Remote Sensing. Vol. XXXII Part 7C2, UNISPACE III, Vienna, 1999
A/CONF. l84/r|
Distr. : Limited
23 July 1999
19-30 July 1999
Committee II
Agenda item 8
Status and applications of space science and technology
Technical Forum
Conclusions and proposals of the Workshop on Remote Sensing for the
Detection, Monitoring and Mitigation of Natural Disasters, organized by the
International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and the
European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories
1. The conclusions and proposals below concern paragraphs 34. 41, 42, 44. 69,
74, 75, 79, 80, 82, 86, 90, 91, 94-99, 102, 106-119, 127, 136-139, 301, 302 and 339
of the draft report of the Third United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of
Outer Space (UNISPACE HI) (A/CONF. 184/3 and Corr.l and 2).
2. Remote sensing provides scientists with the data needed for predictive
modelling of natural disasters, for appraisal of the damage caused and for mitigation
of the deleterious effects that precede or accompany the disaster. Remote sensing is
also recognized as an essential source of information in the initial detection and near
real-time observation of the effects of search, rescue and assistance efforts. Many
international cooperative activities are now being developed tlirough the efforts of
organizations such as the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites and through
international bilateral arrangements. The Workshop on Remote Sensing for the
Detection, Monitoring and Mitigation of Natural Disasters reviewed the status of
those international efforts and offered the following conclusions:
(a) In order to use remotely sensed data effectively in relation to natural
disasters, crisis management systems must be in place. That would allow for planning
and collaboration between relevant agencies and rapid response to emergencies;
(b) Considerable international cooperative efforts are needed to use remote
sensing data and other information to develop indicators of disaster-prone areas and
mitigation strategies and scenarios;
(c) Space-imaging, communication and positioning systems can be effective
tools for the management of earthquake hazards. Space-borne imaging systems can
provide indicators, maps and measurements of quake-prone areas that can be used for
evacuation routing, urban planning and vulnerability statistics;